Highlights of South Australia

Saturday October 3, 2009

Introduction

Spring 2009 was an excellent season in Southern Australia due to high winter rainfalls resulting in widespread flowering of native vegetation. Many resident birds had a good breeding season and many nomadic species turned up in good numbers. This was the fourth year the 6-day small group birding tour ‘Highlights of South Australia’ was run by Southern Birding Services. This season, the tour was run  three times  (August, September and October) with the same itinerary. This trip report covers the October tour, during which the total number of species recorded was 191, just three short of the previous record.

Daily account

Day 1. The tour started in the  morning of  3 October. The  group headed to the Mt Lofty ranges, to the east of Adelaide.  It was cold and drizzly as we headed up Mt Lofty, southern South Australia’s 'highest' peak ((727 m/2,390 ft). This didn’t affect bird activity though and soon enough we observed White-throated Treecreeper in the tall, thick Eucalypt trees, as well as the colourful Adelaide Rosella. Also present was a small flock of birds containing Striated and Brown Thornbills, White-browed Scrubwren and Grey Fantail. We saw a good variety of Honeyeaters including Yellow-faced, Crescent, New-Holland, White-naped and Eastern Spinebill. Fan-tailed Cuckoo was calling across the wooded valleys and we found two Koalas resting in their usual tree. After we left the hills the weather cleared up and we visited a remnant of native  mallee scrub/heathland where two rarer species of Honeyeater, Tawny-crowned and Purple-gaped, provided good views, along with the plentiful Spiny-cheeked Honeyeater. In the dense undergrowth, the aptly named Shy Heathwren eventually showed itself as did a pair of Southern Scrubrobin. Then it was off to Australia’s largest river, the Murray, for a visit to a clifftop lookout  which  usually provides excellent raptor watching opportunities. Even though it was cool and windy the site did not disappoint: Whistling Kite, Black Kite, Swamp Harrier, Wedge-tailed Eagle, Little Eagle, Brown Falcon, Kestrel and even Black Falcon all put in an appearance. A highlight was a pair of Cockatiel flying by.

We  followed the  Murray river upstream, stopping at some of its wetlands along the way and picking up species such as Yellow-billed Spoonbill, Musk Duck, Hardhead, Chestnut Teal and Yellow Rosella. At the end of the day we visited a  sanctuary near Waikerie where two flocks of White-winged Choughs gave us an insight into their interesting social  structure and a little later a Malleefowl appeared at close range.

Day 2. A visit to Birds Australia’s Gluepot reserve. We arrived  at Gluepot around sunrise and an open area n near the entrance was highly productive: Red-backed Kingfisher,  White-eared Honeyeater, Gilbert’s Whistler, Chestnut Quail-thrushSouthern Scrubrobins, Crested Bellbird, the first Rainbow Bee-eaters for the season and a White-winged Triller all provided good views. Soon thereafter we  found  one of the main targets of the day: Black-eared Miner. A small  flock of 6-8 Miners contained at least 2 Black-eared Miners as well as some hybrids x Yellow-throated Miners. We then moved onto the next target, Red-lored Whistler, which was easily found. We could now relax a bit and  drive around the reserve, which resulted in other nice species such as  Mallee Ringneck, Mulga Parrot,  White-browed Treecreeper,  Chestnut-rumped  and Inland  ThornbillsVaried Sittella, Chestnut-crowned and White-browed Babblers. We had our picknick lunch in a bird hide overlooking a bird water trough which provided photographic opportunities of  Brown-headed, Yellow-plumed and Spiny-cheeked Honeyeater. Later in the afternoon we left the reserve and birded some more wetlands near the Murray river, where we found 3 Freckled Ducks, 4 Bluebilled Ducks as well as a nice flock of Regent Parrots.

Day 3. It was an overcast and cool morning as we spent some more time checking river Murray wetlands, that had more water in them than in previous years. From within the floodplain vegetation, Rufous Songlark and Horsfield’s Bronze-cuckoo were heard  singing, and both species were flushed by a Peregrine Falcon, who nests in nearby cliffs. After checking out some interesting fossil marine deposits Little Friarbirds were observed at a recent southern expansion of their range. We then headed towards the Flinders Ranges through vast open, shrubby flats of Pearl Bluebush where we quickly located a pair of Redthroat. Patches of lush green grass were alive with Orange and Crimson Chats as well as Stubble Quail. Closer to the Flinders we observed Pied Honeyeaters in flowering  Acacia shrubs. Other Honeyeaters we picked up this day were White-plumed and White-fronted, bringing the total Honeyeater species count to 12. After arriving in the spectacular Flinders Ranges we saw another Inland Thornbill.

Day 4. We set off before breakfast to the nearby Short-tailed Grasswren site. On the way there we had good views of an Australian Hobby. At the grasswren site after some squeeks and glimpses we eventually observed one Short-tailed Grasswren perched on a rock and returned to have a well-earned breakfast. We then proceeded through the very scenic Flinders Ranges to pick up Grey-fronted Honeyeater and Yellow-footed Rock-wallaby, both showing well, allowing us time to observe some of the geological features of the region, including fossilised stromatolites and the fossil site of the Ediacaran fauna, which lived a little before the great explosion of multicellular life at the beginning of the Cambrian Period. It was cool and cloudy but once we’d left the mountains for the plains, the weather started to clear up. Stopping at various sites along the road we saw Elegant Parrot, Budgerigar, Pied Honeyeater, Crimson Chat, Chirruping Wedgebill, White-winged Fairy-wren and Zebra Finch.  At Lyndhurst, White-backed Swallows were flying around and Little Crows allowed good comparison with Little Ravens observed on the first day in Adelaide. Participants enjoyed a spectacular sunset with a nice cold beer.

Day 5. An early start this morning  to explore the Strzelecki desert. Conditions weren’t ideal - it was cool, cloudy and windy, but nevertheless we turned up some great species. At our first stop it didn’t take long to find 4 endemic  Chestnut-breasted Whitefaces. Thick-billed Grasswrens were running up and down dry creeklines and a pair of Rufous Fieldwren came to within a few metres of the observers. More Crimson and Orange Chats were seen as well as Pied Honyeater, Chirruping Wedgebill and Black-faced Woodswallow. We followed the Strzelecki track for some 200 km, birding along the way  and  we saw  a pair of Cinnamon Quail-thrush,  many White-winged Fairy-wrens but the highlight of the day was no doubt a soaring Black-breasted Buzzard allowing excellent views. We continued  following the Strzelecki Track across the  stony  desert, with occasional tree-lined dry watercourses, and after a few hours we reached  our picknick lunch stop at Montecollina bore. This artesian bore flows non-stop creating a small oasis. It was unusual to see species such as Black-tailed Native-hen, Red-kneed Dotterel, Pink-eared Duck and Red-necked Avocet in the middle of the desert…! More White-backed Swallows flew around here and hundreds of Little Corellas were sheltering in the shrubs. On the way back to Lyndhurst  we continuously scanned the track ahead for flushing birds, which could be Gibber (Desert) Chats, we saw many Australasian Pipits. After driving almost 500 km on unsealed roads, and within sight of Lyndhurst, a tyre blew at the same time as a pair of  Gibber Chat flew up in front of the vehicle,  allowing little more than a glimpse. After changing the tyre we were back in Lyndhurst just in time for dinner.

Day 6. The last day of this tour. We departed early yet again and followed the Flinders Ranges south. It was a beautifully calm and sunny day and we soon found ourselves in Port Augusta where 6 Banded Stilts were a tick for most participants. Main focus for the morning was the Arid Lands Botanic Gardens. Here more Chirruping Wedgebill, Pied and White-fronted Honeyeater were seen and at least two pairs of Black Honeyeater brought the final Honeyeater species count to 14. Other species present in and around the Gardens were Black-eared and Pallid Cuckoo and more Crimson and Orange Chats.  We then followed the coast of the Gulf St Vincent and closer to Adelaide stopped in at Port Gawler, where a search of the coastal samphire marshes resulted in two much obliging Slender-billed Thornbills (race rosinae), and more Elegant Parrots. We arrived back in Adelaide  early that evening, after yet another very successful ‘Highlights’ tour!

Location

Wildlife

Land Birds 36 species
Pied Honeyeater (Certhionyx variegatus) 10 Gluepot & Pt Augusta
Brown-headed Honeyeater (Melithreptus brevirostris) 8 Gluepot
Blue-billed Duck (Oxyura australis) 4 Murray River
Black Honeyeater (Sugomel nigrum) 4 Pt Augusta
Chestnut-breasted Whiteface (Aphelocephala pectoralis) 4 Strzelecki track
Chirruping Wedgebill (Psophodes cristatus) 4 Strzelecki track
Freckled Duck (Stictonetta naevosa) 3 Murray River
Gibberbird (Ashbyia lovensis) 2 Strzelecki track
Tawny-crowned Honeyeater (Gliciphila melanops) 2 Monarto Cons. Park
Slender-billed Thornbill (Acanthiza iredalei) 2 Pt Gawler
Black-eared Miner (Manorina melanotis) 2 Gluepot
Purple-gaped Honeyeater (Lichenostomus cratitius) 2 Monarto Cons. Park
Eastern Spinebill (Acanthorhynchus tenuirostris) 2 Adelaide Hills
Grey-fronted Honeyeater (Lichenostomus plumulus) 2 Flinders Ranges. Total 16 Honeyeater species!
Rufous Fieldwren (Calamanthus campestris) 2 Strzelecki track
Black-breasted Buzzard (Hamirostra melanosternon) 1 Strzelecki track
Black-eared Cuckoo (Chrysococcyx osculans) 1 Pt Augusta
Shy Heathwren (Calamanthus cautus) 1 Monarto Cons. Park & Gluepot
White-eared Honeyeater (Lichenostomus leucotis) 1 Gluepot
Pallid Cuckoo (Cacomantis pallidus) 1 Pt Augusta
Fan-tailed Cuckoo (Cacomantis flabelliformis) 1 Adelaide Hills
Red-lored Whistler (Pachycephala rufogularis) 1 Gluepot
Crescent Honeyeater (Phylidonyris pyrrhopterus) 0 Adelaide Hills
White-naped Honeyeater (Melithreptus lunatus) 0 Adelaide Hills
Wedge-tailed Eagle (Aquila audax) 0 Flinders Ranges
Singing Honeyeater (Lichenostomus virescens) 0 everywhere
Yellow-faced Honeyeater (Lichenostomus chrysops) 0 Adelaide Hills
Gilbert's Whistler (Pachycephala inornata) 0 Gluepot
Spiny-cheeked Honeyeater (Acanthagenys rufogularis) 0 everywhere
Yellow-plumed Honeyeater (Lichenostomus ornatus) 0 Gluepot
Red-backed Kingfisher (Todiramphus pyrrhopygius) 0 Gluepot & outback
White-backed Swallow (Cheramoeca leucosterna) 0 Strzelecki track
Crimson Rosella (Platycercus elegans) 0 'Adelaide Rosella'
New Holland Honeyeater (Phylidonyris novaehollandiae) 0 everywhere
Regent Parrot (Polytelis anthopeplus) 0 Murray River
White-fronted Honeyeater (Purnella albifrons) 0 Gluepot

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